when to use el and la in spanish

Each noun has an associated gender that must be learned. The less time you spend trying to figure out "why this" and "why that," the faster you will learn how to use Spanish properly. If, after reading through these grammar reference articles you still have some doubts, please do not hesitate to ask/post another question! When do you use the subjunctive in Spanish? However, there are some cases where the article is used in Spanish but not in English. Another rule supersedes this, and that is when the feminine noun is singular and starts with a stressed a- or ha- sound, like the words agua, meaning water, or hambre, meaning hunger. There are native Spanish speakers here as well as Spanish learners of all levels. Go up to menu and scroll down to lessons , they are there to help you to learn . It’s important to know which noun is of which gender so you can assign the right article to it. In Spanish, all nouns have gender. eg: el agua = water ; el águila = the eagle ; el problema = the problem. It’s actually more difficult the other way around - you may use them in Spanish when they aren’t used in English - for example you would say ‘Monday’ in English, but you say ‘el lunes’ in Spanish. I get that when you are speaking about a male you use "el", and when using a noun in a feminine way you use "la". But what happens if you want to say "I sing it to him/her"? It’s actually pretty easy - if you use ‘the’ in English, use it ‘el/la’ in Spanish. Indefinite articles are used in the opposite way: to refer to a noun that is not specifically known to the speaker and his or her audience. As a Spanish-language learner, this is a question you've probably asked yourself often when having to assign an article to a noun. unA casA = A house ; unA mesA = a table "La" can only refer to women.There's one last thing you need to know. When can you tell when to use "el" and when to use "la" before any common noun? Artículos, articles in English, are small functional words that go before a noun to tell us if the noun we are referring to is general or specific. "La canto" means "I sing it". Never, ever say "Le lo" together in one sentence. Join us on SD for some games such as the "La Palabra del Día" (The word of the day). El libro (the book) is masculine. If you have studied Spanish you are painfully aware of this. to refer to a noun as something that is specifically known to the speaker and his or her audience, to refer to a noun that is not specifically known to the speaker and his or her audience. In most cases, el is used for masculine nouns and la is used for feminine nouns. If you ever see "Le lo/la" in sentence then you know you've made a mistake! Queremos ayudarle, entonces hay que llenar su perfil. "Este es mi compañero de piso" In English, you can often just put two nouns together and the first one becomes an adjective of the other noun. And you can always figure out what the indirect object is by putting a 'to' in front of whichever one seems most correct. This is/can only be a guideline as there are many exceptions: Exceptions: Artículos, articles in English, are small functional words that go before a noun to tell us if the noun we are referring to is general or specific. Madre, or mother, is feminine and hermano, or brother, is masculine. ", I also read this sentence, "Este es mi compañero de piso, Pedro." Learn Spanish > Spanish lessons and exercises > Spanish test #2491 > Other Spanish exercises on the same topic: Articles [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Articles - Articles ; de /del or de la - Articles - Articles - Articles & days - Masculine/Feminine - Indefinite articles - Articles. In the second example, both un and el are articles that must be paired with masculine nouns, such as libro and vuelo. (flat is normally a noun, but now it is acting as an adjective) Use and Omission of the Definite Article in Spanish. For example, Soy de la España hermosa, which means, "I'm from beautiful Spain." Every single noun in Spanish has a gender: feminine or masculine, that means you have to know when to use ‘El’ or ‘La’ for every single noun. SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. Look it up! Following are the most common countries and places that may have a definite article: Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. Welcome to the forum , we want to help you so fill out your profile If you have a problem PM a mod Bienvenido al foro. 3 Using the definite article. For sentences with only one object, "Le" and "Lo" can do the same thing. The definite articles in Spanish are el and la, both meaning, "the." How do you know whether a noun is masculine or feminine? SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website. In Spanish, it's masculine - 'El libro'. I am totally confused! For the most part, Spanish nouns are categorized into two genders, masculino(masculine) and femenino) (feminine). In the example above, it does not matter to the speaker which apple Fernando passes to him or her. Don't sweat the differences, just learn some useful phrases, talk, write and read in Spanish, and before you know it, you'll get the hang of it. To a Spaniard, it just sounds wrong. As in English, articles in Spanish are either definido(definite), or indefinido(indefinite). You use la before feminine nouns and el before masculine nouns. In the sentences below, notice how we use the article el with the singular perrowhile we use the article los with the plural form perros. The following list included the countries that should have the definite article used in most cases, although Spanish language rules are not strict about it. How do you remember how to conjugate for each tense. O works more often for masculine, but foto and mano are feminine for example. And Argentina, a country name that stands alone in English, is preceded by la in the Spanish sentence. When the article el appears after the prepositions aor de, the two words combine to make the contractions aland del, respectively. Although most of the time, if it ends in o it is masculine, and if it ends in a it is feminine. Yusani: There are similarities and differences between English and Spanish with usage of definite articles.

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